People with a strong Berlin connection - S
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Andrew Sachs Left Berlin in 1938. Became famous as "Manuel from Barcelona" playing opposite John Cleese in Fawlty Towers
John Paul Sartre Sartre war 1933-1934 Stipendiat am Institut Français in Berlin. Dort beschäftigte er sich mit der Philosophie von Husserl, Heidegger, Jaspers und Scheler.
- Friedrich Karl von Savigny appointed 1810 to new university. 1842 Minister, jurist
- Gottfied Schadow Designed the Quadriga on top of the Brandenburg Gate. Sketched Napoleon as he entered Berlin. Received no more commissions from Berlin as post-war reaction set in.
- Claus Schenk (von Stauffenberg)
- Karl Friedrich Schinkel Originally a supporter of Liberal ideas, but made himself comfortable with the Biedermeier age. Born in Neuruppin, came to Berlin in 1794. Went to the Graue Kloster. Designed also the Iron Cross and the Pickelhaube. One of his earliest works was the memorial on Kreuzberg. 1818 Neue Wache - small monument to the War of Liberation. 1830 Altes Museum.
- Andreas Schlüter baroque sculptor and architect. Came to Berlin in 1694. Extended the castle, built the Zeughaus. Sculptor of equestrian statue of Friedrich Wilhelm, the ‘Great Kurfürst’. From 1702-4 he was Director of the Academy of Sciences. Dismissed by Friedrich 1., after the collapse of the Münzturm. Moved to Russia in wake of Friedrich Wilhelm's austerity measures, to work on the building of St. Petersburg.
- Arnold Schönberg professor of composition at the Academy of Art from 1925. His pupils included Alban Berg.
- Daniel Schreber , instituted the Schrebergärten, the allotment movement.in the 1860s. The idea spread thru the whole of Germany.
- Erwin Schrödinger Go here
- Hermann Schwarz <
born in Poland but a prorge of Weierstass and Kummer - he married the latter's daughter.
See Hermann Schwarz
- Paul Singer
- Mildred Elizabeth Sisk (or Gillars), born Nov 29 1900 , American-born 'Axis Sally'. She broadcast propaganda for Radio Berlin from Nazi Germany to Allied troops during the Second World War.
- Albert Speer architect. Created design for party rally on Tempelhof on May 1. 1933. which formed a basis for the Nuremberg Rallies.
- Gustav Spörer Born in Berlin in 1822 and educated at Berlin University. He started observing the Sun and became attached to Potsdam Astrophysical Observatory when it opened in 1874. Further information see here
- August Stramm Munster fell in Russia
- Richard Strauss Generalmusicdirektor in Berlin 1898, and 1908-1919. 1908 conductor of te Staatsoper.
- Gustav Stresemann Born in Berlin in 1878, and studied Economics at Berlin University. He was elected to the Reichstag in 1907, becoming its youngest member - he represented the National Liberal Party. He supported nationalism and Germany's colonial empire.
During the war, he supported Hindenburg and Ludendorff and their annexationist ideas and campaigned for unrestricted submarine warfare.
After the war, he set up the DVP, because he was barred from entry into the new DPP liberal party. At this time, he supported a restoration of the Hohenzollern monarchy, and also supported to some extent the Kapp Putsch.
Became Chancellor briefly in August 1923 as well as Foreign Secretary. During his brief 'reign', passive resistance to the French occupation of the Ruhr was ended, and hyperinflation was successfully combatted. His government fell in November 1923 after the Socialists objected to the inconsistent, lenient way he had dealt with the Hitler Putsch in comparison with his heavy-handed suppression of socialist movements in Thüringen and Saxony, but he remained as Foreign Secretary for the rest of his life. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1926, along with Aristide Briand.
He could claim six main achievements as Foreign Secretary :-
- Dawes Plan, January 1924. This restructured reparations payments (reduced annual payments over a longer period). Germany was to receive a foreign loan.
- Locarno Pact, October 1925. France, Belgium and Germany declared they would never go to war over their shared borders, so Germant thereby recognized its new western border.
- Treaty of Berlin, April 1926. Strengthened and re-affirmed the Treaty of Rapallo.
- Germany joined the League of Nations, September 1926
- Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928. Germany was one of 65 countries to sign a pact condemning war as a means of solving conflicts.
- Young Plan. Revision of Dawes Plan, which was only intended to be temporary. Germany was required to pay reparations until 1988.
- Auguste Strindberg
- Otto Suhr ,
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