People with a strong Berlin connection - L
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Joseph-Louis Lagrange Italian mathematician who was resident in Berlin from 1766-1787. He produced his Méchanique Analitique while in Berlin but it appears that there was no chance of it actually being published there - it was actually published in Paris.
- Johann Lambert Mathematician who worked in Berlin from 1765. He proved that e and π are transcendental (his word), or irrational. In the 1760s he produced a definitive representation for sinh x and cosh x, as well as series representations. He studied these hyperbolic functions comprehensively.
- Fritz Lang
- Friedrich Lange mayor from 1920 until the Nazi period - succeeded by Julius Lippert.
- Carl Gotthard Langhans
- Ferdinand Lassalle Moved to Berlin in 1857. Lived at Bellevuestrasse 13.In 1861, he hosted Karl Marx for a month, while Marx applied for the return of his citizenship following a general amnesty due to the accession of Wilhelm 1. In the end, his application was refused. Marx also became disillusioned with Lassalle (and became even more so, if that is possible, during a likewise one month visit that Lassalle sprung on Marx in London in 1862). Marx simultaneously expresses a distaste with Berlin itself.
- Lotte Lenya
- Gotthold Ephraim Lessing born 1729 in Kamenz, 20 kilometers from Bischofwerda. Secretary and interpreter to Voltaire. left Berlin in despair at Friedrich's repressive anti-free speech activities.
- Lichtenstein Opened the Zoo in 1844, the first in Deutschland.
- Max Liebermann born in Berlin. Exponent of impressionism and founder, in 1893, of the Berlin Sezession. Son of a businessman who lived on the Parisier Platz, next to the Brandenburg Gate. An exhibition by Edvard Much only lasted two days because of official disapproval, but the Sezession movement grew out of it, led by Liebermann. Group also included Käthe Kollwitz.
- Karl Liebknecht Reichstag 1912. He was the only deputy to oppose war credits in 1914.
- Wilhelm Liebknecht
- Gottfried Leibniz In 1700 became the first president of the newly-founded Brandenburg Scientific Society
- Otto Lilienthal Born 1846 in Anklam, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Died in 1896 after losing control of his glider. Tegel Airport is now named for him.
The Wrights apparently took the lesson from him that the steering of an aircraft is as important as its aerodynamic characteristics.
- Ernst Litfass In 1854 he was offered the sole right to print and display posters in the city for the next 15 years. He actually held this right until 1880, and he made his fortune.
- Peter Lorre
- Ernst Lubitsch director at UFA, Babelsberg who went on to become production chief at Paramount, Hollywood.
- Rosa Luxemburg active in the uprisings after the First World War. She was held and beaten in the Eden Hotel (which stood opposite the entrance to the Zoo) prior to being murdered at the nearby Lichtenstein Bridge on 11. January 1919, and thrown into the Landswehrkanal.
"Freedom only for the supporters of the government, only for the members of one party -- however numerous they may be -- is no freedom at all. Freedom is always and exclusively freedom for the one who thinks differently."
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