People with a strong Berlin connection - K
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- Kafka Felice Bauer Askanischer Hof 3. July 1914
- Karajan conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic. During the war years, till 1943, at the Deutsche Oper, Bismarckstrasse (the Linden Oper had been destroyed) - then at the Admirals Palast, Friedrichstrasse.
- Heinrich Kleist Born into one of the oldest Junker families. Was in the army, stationed at Potsdam, but resigned his commision in 1799.Became gradually a writer, after originally studying to enter the Civil Service, and came to Berlin in 180, although he was posted to a Civil Service post in Königsberg, in 1805. He became ill, was granted prolonged sick leave, and traveled to Berlin at the beginning of 1807 where he was arrested as a suspected spy, being imprisoned for 6 months. Returned to Berlin in 1810, becoming editor and chief contributor of the extremely reactionary Berliner Abendblätter, although this venture ended in financial failure in 1811. He had so savaged a piece by his old friend Brentano, that things were never the same between them again. He unwisely attacked the homosexual director of the National Theater, who therefore refused to stage any of Kleist's plays. Went with Henriette Vogel to stay at the Neu Krug inn in Wannsee. He committed suicide on 21. November 1811 on the shore of the Wannsee, after first shooting Henriette Vogel at her own request because she was suffering from an incurable disease. Before killing himself, he had written a letter to his sister Ulrike who had supported him since the collapse of his venture in Berlin. He was 34 years old. His major works obtained no recognition during his lifetime.
- Otto Klemperer
- Georg Wenceslaus Knobbelsdorf architect of the Forum Fredericanium, the Opera House, St. Hedwig’s Cathedral, Prinz-Heinrich Palais, the Library Building known as the Kommode. He made Unter den Linden into a Prunkstrasse. He converted the Tiergarten, a former royal hunting reserve, into a formal landscaped park. Built a new east wing onto Charlottenburg Palace.
- Robert Koch Ran the Institute of Hygiene at the University of Berlin. In 1876, he produced a pure culture of anthrax bacillus and later produced an innoculation. In 1882, he was working with the tuberculosis bacillus. In 1883, he isolated the cholera germ . He also worked with cholera. He received the 1905 Nobel Prize.
- Hans Kohlhase, the inspiration for Michael Kohlhaas by Heinrich von Kleist. A Cölln trader - in 1532 he was accused of stealing horses by a Saxon Junker, and two horses taken off him. Although these horses were returned to him, the Junker demanded money for the food consumed by the horses during their “stay” with him, and then soon one of the horses died. As revenge, Kohlhase carried out raids in Saxony, although he was eventually arrested in Brandenburg itself. 1544 in front of the Georgentor, (geflochtet??) - what is the exact translation of this word ?
- Käthe Kollwitz Born in Königsberg, but spent most of her life in Berlin. From 1919, professor of the Academy. Married to a doctor in Prenzlauer Berg. Took the poor of Prenzlauer Berg as the subject of her sculptures and drawings. A socialist, pacifist and feminist, she was dismissed from the Academy by the Nazis, who classified her work as ‘degenerate art’. Lived for over 50 years at Weissenburgerstraße 25, Prenzlauer Berg, but in 1943, it was bombed, so she moved to Dresden. Weissenbergstraße is now Kollwitzstraße.
- Leopold Kronecker Mathematician. Kronecker studied under Kummer at Liegnitz Gymansium (Liegnitz is now in Poland)..
In 1841, he became a student at Berlin University, studying under Dirichlet and Steiner
He traveled around studying at other Universities, but for his doctorate he was back in Berlin, under the supervision of Dirichlet, studying algebraic number theory. He received his doctorate in 1845.
Rather than becoming a professional mathematician, Kronecker entered a family business and became am extremely wealthy person. From 1855, he was living back in Berlin, and studying and publishing in mathematics, although with no formal academic post. However in 1860, Kronecker was elected to the Berlin Academy, and this actually gave him the right to lecture at Berlin University. In 1868, he was offered the chair of mathematics at Göttingen, but he declined.
After 1880, he became editor of the influental Crelle's Journal (he had previously been on the editorial staff), and his influence on what was published obviously increased. In 1883 he became a co-director of the influental Mathematical Seminar in Berlin, and in 1883 he took over Kummer's old chair.
He held some controversial and outspoken mathematical views which had had been well known to his friends, but only became really public from 1886. He believed that transcendental numbers did not exist, and discouraged use of irrational numbers. By 1888 Weierstrass felt he could no longer work with Kronecker, to the extent that he even thought of leaving Berlin.
- Ernst Kummer He turned to Maths from Theology. Became a pupil of Gauss and Dirichlet, and became professor at Breslau and Berlin.
The first systematic study of algebraic congruences was made by Kummer, who derived most of the forms of those of order 2. His work is both synthetic and analytic, and is a model of elegance and directness. All of these congruences can be arranged on a system of quadric surfaces in such a way that only one system of generators comes in.
- Geometry resulting from optical problems
- Refraction of light by the atmosphere
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